Despite the fact that changes are not radical (in 2012 it was officially registered 20,743 new cases of HIV infection and that is 434 cases less than in 2011), they cannot be a coincidence. This is a reflection of the long-term tendency – the pace of the epidemic decreased for a bigger part of 2012 (9 months out of 12 - in the comparison with 2011). In addition, rate of new HIV (the acceleration of the epidemic) in Ukraine decreased five times since 2005, in 2005 compared with 2004 - plus 15.6%, in 2011 compared with 2010 - only 3.4 % of growth.
Also, for the first time in the Ukrainian history more than a half of new cases of HIV-infection (51% of all reported cases in 2012) occurred through unprotected sex. Sexual transmission is the primary route of transmission of immunodeficiency in Ukraine since 2008. Most HIV-infections in Ukraine registered today among young people under 25 years of age.